How to Increase Security Through Building Design
From “How to Increase Security Through Building Design”
CSO Online (01/06/16) Ludwig, Sarah E.
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a method used in security planning that focuses on design, placement, and the way the building is used as a means to increase security in an aesthetically pleasing manner. “CPTED tends to provide a purposeful sense of orderliness in developing a security program,” says William Nesbitt, president of SMSI. “It’s geared at trying to not only have an effective security program, but to have that program be perceived as being effective. It has to do with both the appearance and the perception.” Three fairly standard principles of CPTED are Natural Surveillance, Natural Access Control, and Territorial Reinforcement. One of the foundations of Natural Surveillance is lighting. “Doing a lighting study is one of the most important pieces of the Natural Surveillance principle,” says Toby Heath, electromechanical specialist at ASSA ABBLOY. “That involves measuring the light output every 10 feet throughout parking lots and the perimeter of a building.” With natural access control, “it’s really important to minimize the points of entry to a building to one, for visitors as well as employees,” says Heath. All doors and entrances should be inspected to make sure they close completely and by themselves. Territorial reinforcement is the basic idea of where a property begins. “There is no defining property line, so to speak, so if you give cues as to where the property is and what’s under your control and maybe some signage, it helps you establish the foundational basis that you have control over this piece of land from this point inward and it’s not common area,” says Nesbitt. He also notes that CPTED should be used in tandem with more traditional methods and human behavior.
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